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Section 51A – Constitution of India

Constitution of India



51A. Fundamental Duties.





It shall be the duty of every citizens of India-


(a) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;


(b) To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;


(c) To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;


(d) To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;


(e) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;


(f) To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;


(g) To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;


(h) To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;


(i) To safeguard public property and to abjure violence;


(j) To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.]


2[(k) who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years]



Provisions as to fundamental duties cannot be enforced by writs. They can be promoted only by constitutional methods. But they can be used for interpreting ambiguous statutes; See Mumbai Kamgar Sabha v. Abdulbhai, AIR 1976 SC 1455; Surya v. Union of India, AIR 1982 Raj 1.



1. Ins. by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976, s. 11 (w.e.f. 3-1-1977).


2. Ins. By the Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002.



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