The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971
1. Short title and extent –
(1) This Act may be called the Contempt of Courts Act, 1971.
(2) It extends to the whole of India
Provided that it shall not apply to the State of Jammu and Kashmir except to the extent to which the provisions of this Act relate to contempt of the Supreme Court.
(i) The law of contempt of Courts is for keeping the administration of justice pure and undefiled. While dignity of the court is to be maintained at all costs, the contempt jurisdiction, which is of a special nature, should be sparingly used; Shakuntala Sahadevram Tewari v.Hemchand M.Singhania, (1990) 3 Bom CR 82 (Bom).
(ii) Proceedings of contempt are summary in nature and also are sui generis; Golcha Advertising Agency v. The State of Maharashtra, (1990) 2 Bom CR 262 (Bom).