The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971
6. Complaint against presiding officers of subordinate courts when not contempt-
A person shall not be guilty of contempt of court in respect of any statement made by him in good faith concerning the presiding officer or any subordinate court to –
(a) Any other subordinate court, or
(b) The High court to which it is subordinate.
Explanation – In this section, ” subordinate court” means any court subordinate to a High court.
Immunity is provided to a citizen making a complaint to the High Court against a Presiding Officer of a subordinate court so long as the complaint is made in good faith; Court on its own motion (in re:), 1973 Cr LJ 1106 (P&H).