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Section 11 -The Indian Contract Act, 1872

The Indian Contract Act, 1872


11. Who are competent to contract 


Every person is competent to contract who is of the age of majority according to the law to which he is subject, and who is sound mind and is not disqualified from contracting by any law to which he is subject.




Minor’s contract of service


A contract of marriage, entered into by a father for the benefit of his minor child is not void for want of consideration, unlike a contract of service by a minor which is a contract of service entered into by a father on behalf of the minor which is not enforceable as it is void for want of consideration; Raj Rani v. Prem Adib, AIR 1949 Bom 215.


Minor’s contract void


Where a mortgage was made by a minor and the money lender who had advanced money to the minor on the security of the mortgage sued the minor on the strength of the contract. It is held, having regard to sections 2, 10 and 11 of the Contract Act, that the Act makes it essential that the contracting parties should be competent to contract and that a minor’s contract is void; Mohoribibee v. Dharmodas Ghose, (1903) ILR 30 Cal 539 (PC).



1. See the Indian Majority Act, 1875 (9 of 1875).



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The Indian Contract Act, 1872



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