The Indian Contract Act, 1872
18. “Misrepresentation” defined
“Misrepresentation” means and includes –
(1) the positive assertion, in a manner not warranted by the information of the person making it, of that whichis not true, though he believes it to be true;
(2) any breach of duty which, without an intent to deceive, gains an advantage to the person committing it, or anyone claiming under him; by misleading another to his prejudice, or to the prejudice of any one claiming under him;
(3) causing, however innocently, a party to an agreement, to make a mistake as to the substance of the thing which is subject of the agreement.
A statement is said to be warranted by the information of the person making it when he receives the information from a trustworthy source. It should not be a mere hearsay; Mohanlal v. Sri Gungaji Cotton Mills Co., (1900) 4 CWN 369.