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Section 103- The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

The Indian Evidence Act,1872

103. Burden of proof as to particular fact. –

The burden of proof as to any particular fact lies on that person who wishes the Court to believe in its existence, unless it is provided by any law that the proof of that fact shall lie on any particular person.


1[(a)] A prosecutes B for theft, and wishes the Court to believe that B admitted the theft to C. A must prove the admission.

B wishes the Court to believe that, at the time in question, he was elsewhere. He must prove it.


Plea of alibi

Plea of alibi taken by accused, it is he who has to prove it; State of Haryana v. Sher Singh, AIR 1981 SC 1021: 1981 SC Cr R 317: 1981 Cr LJ 714: (1981) 2 SCC 300.


1. Sic. In the Act as published in Gazette of India, 1872, Pt. IV, p. 1, there is no illustration (b).

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The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

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