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Whether Court can dismiss criminal revision in default?


Criminal Appeal No. 1150 of 2007

Decided On: 31.08.2007

Madan Lal Kapoor


Rajiv Thapar and Ors.

Hon’ble Judges/Coram: C.K. Thakker and Markandey Katju, JJ.

Citation: MANU/SC/7884/2007.

1. We have heard learned Counsel for the parties.

2. Leave granted.

3. This appeal is directed against the order passed by the learned Single Judge of the High Court of Delhi in Criminal Revision Petition No. 42 of 2000 dated August 11, 2005. The learned Single Judge dismissed the Criminal Revision Petition filed by the appellant herein by the order which reads thus;


In spite of notice, nobody appears for the petitioner today. Crl. Rev. P. 42/2000 is accordingly dismissed in default for non-prosecution.

4. The matter relates to administration of criminal justice. As held by this Court, a criminal matter cannot be dismissed for default and it must be decided on merits. Only on that ground the appeal deserves to be allowed.

5. Thus in Bani Singha and Ors. v. State of U.P. MANU/SC/0615/1996 : 1996CriLJ3491 , a three Judge Bench of this Court held that a criminal appeal should not be dismissed in default but should be decided on merits. If despite notice neither the appellant nor his counsel present, the Court could decide the appeal on merits. If the appellant is in jail the Court can appoint a lawyer at State expense to assist it. This would equally apply to the respondent.

6. In Bani Singh and Ors. v. State of U.P. (Supra) the Supreme Court over-ruled its earlier decision in Ram Naresh Yadav and Ors. v. State of Bihar AIR 1989 SC 1500 in which it was held that a criminal appeal can be dismissed for default.

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7. In Parasuram Patel and Anr. v. State of Orissa : (1994)4SCC664 the Supreme Court held that a criminal appeal cannot be dismissed for default.

8. In our opinion the same reasoning applies to criminal revisions also, and hence a criminal revision cannot also be dismissed in default.

9. There is, however, an additional reason also. Earlier when the petition was dismissed, the aggrieved appellant approached this Court and in Criminal Appeal No. 309 of 2002 a two-Judge Bench of this Court by an order dated February 22, 2002 allowed the appeal, set aside the order of the High Court and observed that the matter should be decided by the High Court after application of mind and by passing a reasoned order. Unfortunately, in the impugned order, there are no reasons and the merits have not been considered at all.

10. Hence, the appeal is allowed. The order of the High Court is set aside and the matter is remitted back to the High Court. The High Court will decide the matter on merits. Since the matter is very old, we request the High Court to decide it as early as possible preferably within a period of four months.

11. The appeal is allowed accordingly.

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