Enter your email Address

MyNation KnowledgeBase

Landmark Judgments and Articles on Law

Register to Download

498a and 406 cannot be used to teach a lesson

Delhi High Court


The State Of Delhi on 26 February, 2007
Equivalent citations: 139 (2007) DLT 178, I (2007) DMC 793

Bench: S N Dhingra

Shiv Narayan Dhingra, J.

1. By this petition, the petitioner has challenged the validity of the order dated 22nd July, 2006 passed by the learned Additional Sessions Judge whereby the learned Additional Sessions Judge observed that the allegations prima facie do show that the petitioner did have some role or the other in the entrustment and criminal breach of trust with regard to the istridhan of the complainant. However, the learned Sessions Judge went on to observe that the complaint of the complainant dated 9th November, 2001 and supplementary statement of the complainant to some extent raise much doubt to the entire prosecution story. She also observed that the complaint in substance made allegations only against her husband for having re-married during subsistence of first marriage with the complainant. The complainant in her supplementary statement, made after the registration of FIR stated that her husband had deposited part of the istridhan before CAW Cell and the remaining istridhan was still lying with her husband. Even her next supplementary statement reiterates the same that her remaining istridhan was still lying with her husband. The learned Additional Sessions Judge however, observed that since the complainant had made allegations in the complaint that she along with her minor son escaped from the matrimonial home on 8.8.2001 in three wearing clothes and all her istridhan and dowry articles were lying with her husband and her in-laws, and her husband and in-laws refused to return her istridhan and dowry articles despite her request, a prima facie case was made out and it would not be proper to throttle the prosecution at its threshold without giving an opportunity to the complainant to prove her allegations.

2. Complainant Smt. Radha had married Nagender Singh, son of the petitioner on 29th April, 1998. From the perusal of the statement of complainant and her complaints, it is apparent that the couple was not doing fine since her husband started having an affair with some woman, who worked in his office. Due to this reason, he filed a divorce petition against Smt. Radha in the year 1999 itself being HMA No. 962/99, which was assigned to the Court of Shri S.P.Garg, ADJ. This petition was contested by the complainant and ultimately this petition was withdrawn by Shri Nagender Singh on 24.10.2000, under an arrangement. It was decided that Nagender Singh and complainant Smt. Radha shall live separate from her in-laws in a rented accommodation; Nagender Singh took a room on rent at T-510/CT-76 Baljeet Nagar, New Delhi on 29th October, 2000 and the couple started living there. The complainant shifted to that house along with all her articles etc. Nagender Singh, however, changed his name to Naveen and married the woman called Manjusha Rani with whom he was having an affair and he started spending less time in the house where the complainant was living. When the complainant learnt about the second marriage of her husband she left the house where she was living with Nagender Singh, in September, 2001 and went to her parents’ house. In November, 2001 the complainant, her father and father of the boy, jointly made an application to Police Station, Punjabi Bagh giving the facts about the marriage of the complainant and withdrawal of divorce petition, then separate living of the complainant with Nagender Singh and his second marriage with Manjusha. All the three made joint request to police that a raid should be conducted at the house of Manjusha and Navin @ Nagender Singh and action should be taken. However, she thereafter filed a complaint before CAW Cell as well, against her husband wherein also her grievance was against her husband, who had conducted second marriage. She made allegations that her husband was not returning her istridhan and dowry articles. Although under the directions of CAW Cell her husband had returned some goods but the complainant averred that these were not complete goods and more istridhan and dowry articles were lying with her husband. She got an FIR No. 187/2002 registered at P.S. Sarai Rohilla on 21st May, 2002. In this FIR she made allegations against her father in law, mother-in-law, sister in law and her sister-in-law’ husband(brother in law) viz. Pratap Singh, Shakuntala, Bimla and Surender Singh respectively, apart from making allegations against her husband and Manjusha Rani. She stated that her jewellery and istridhan were taken by her mother-in-law Shakuntala on 8th October, 1999 on the pretext that she wanted to keep them in safe custody. She also made allegations of cruelty, dowry demand etc. The Court after considering the statement of the complainant and other evidence collected by police discharged Pratap Singh, Bimla and Surender. However, Court of MM considered that charge under Section 406 was made out against Shakuntala. Against this order a revision was preferred before ASJ and the order of ASJ has been challenged by this petition.

3. The basic reason for upholding the order of MM by ASJ was that the documents relied upon by the petitioner were not the part of the charge- sheet filed by police. The documents relied upon by the petitioners are those documents which were on the case dowry of the investigating officer, but the investigating officer did not make them part of the challan. These documents included the earlier complaint made by the complainant, her father and father- in-law to the police, supplementary statements of the complainant recorded after filing of FIR regarding return of istridhan.

4. It is settled law that fair and just investigation is a hallmark of any investigation. It is not the duty of the Investigating Officer to strengthen the case of prosecution by withholding the evidence collected by him. If an Investigating Officer withholds the evidence collected by him, the accused has a right to rely upon that evidence and tell the Court to take that evidence into account while framing the charges. The Court while framing charges may not take into account the defense of the accused or the documents in custody of the accused which were not produced by the accused before the Investigating Officer or which did not form part of the investigation but the Court is duty bound to consider the evidence collected by the Investigating Officer during the investigation of the case. If it is brought to the notice of the Court by the accused that some of the evidence or documents have been withheld by the Investigating Officer or the prosecution deliberately, so that truth does not come out before the Court, the Court, before framing of charge can order the Investigating Officer to place the entire investigation before it and ask him to produce case diaries. Fair investigation is the right of the accused and this right can be exercised by the accused at the time of charge and the accused can insist upon the Court to consider the evidence collected by the Investigating Officer but not made part of the charge-sheet. In this case the evidence relied upon by the accused is not produced by the accused from his custody but is the evidence collected by the Investigating Officer. These are the supplementary statements of complainant under Section 161, Cr.P.C. recorded by the I.O. The complaint and the statements clearly show that the couple had separated from parents of Naginder Singh in October, 2000, after the divorce petition and at that time they had gone to a rented accommodation along with bag and baggage. Even if, in October, 1999 some entrustment was made by the complainant to the petitioner, that came to an end in October, 2000 when she separated from her in- laws and took away all her belongings. She made no complaint after October, 2000 till September, 2001 that her mother-in-law or father-in-law had any part of her istridhan with her. All her complaints were against her husband, who had remarried and made her life miserable. Her father-in-law and mother-in-law were co-operating her for an action against their son. They had gone to the extent of disowning their son, and issued a public notice to that effect. They made complaint to the police against their son for the action for his second marriage. However, when the complainant could not see her husband behind bars for conducting second marriage during the persistence of first marriage with her perhaps she thought that she should use Sections 498A and 406 against the family members to teach a lesson to everybody. The Court cannot be swayed by the feelings of hatred of the complainant. Even at the time of framing charges the Court has to consider the entire evidence collected by the I.O. or deliberately left out by the I.O. Criminal trial impinges on the liberty of a person and must not be taken casually.

5. I consider that the order of the learned Additional Sessions Judge where she observed that the material relied upon the accused and not made part of charge-sheet of the Trial Court, cannot be considered, is liable to be set aside.

6. I, therefore, hereby set aside the order of the Metropolitan Magistrate framing charges against the petitioner and the order of Additional Sessions Judge dated 22.7.2006 dismissing the revision. The petitioner is discharged from the charges framed against her under Section 406 IPC. The petition is accordingly allowed.


Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

CopyRight @ MyNation

Free Legal Help, Just WhatsApp Away

We are Not Lawyers, but No Lawyer will give you Advice like We do

Please read Group Rules – CLICK HERE, If You agree then Please Register CLICK HERE and after registration  JOIN WELCOME GROUP HERE

We handle Women Centric biased laws like False Section 498A IPC, Domestic Violence(DV ACT), Divorce, Maintenance, Alimony, Child Custody, HMA 24, 125 CrPc, 307, 312, 313, 323, 354, 376, 377, 406, 420, 497, 506, 509; TEP, RTI and many more…

MyNation FoundationMyNation FoundationMyNation Foundation