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State (Govt. Of N.C.T Of Delhi) vs Kishan on 26 September, 2017

% Date of Judgment: 26thSeptember, 2017
+ CRL.L.P.558/2017

STATE (GOVT. OF N.C.T OF DELHI) ….. Petitioner
Through: Ms. Radhika Kolluru, APP for the
State along with SI Mohd. Intayar Ali,
P.S. Shahbad Dairy.
KISHAN ….. Respondent


CRL.M.A. 15866/2017(exemption)

1. Exemption allowed, subject to all just exceptions.

2. The application stands disposed of.


3. This is an application filed by the petitioner seeking condonation of 93
days delay in filing the leave to appeal. We find no ground to condone
the delay in filing the leave to appeal, however, since we have
examined the case on merits, delay of 93 days in filing the leave to
appeal is condoned.

4. The application stands disposed of.

CRL. L.P. 558/2017

5. The present leave to appeal has been filed by the State under Section
378(1) of the Code of the Criminal Procedure, 1973 („Cr.P.C.‟)against
the impugned judgment dated 10.03.2017passed by the learned Trial

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 1 of 11
Court in Sessions Case No.57922/16 arising out of the FIR No.427/12
registered at Police Station Shahbad Dairyunder Sections363, 366 and
376 of the Indian Penal Code („IPC‟), by which the respondent has
been acquitted.

6. The case of the prosecution, as noticed by the Trial Court, is
reproduced as under:

“1. Accused is facing trial in the present case on allegations
of kidnapping prosecutrix”S” aged around 14 years and
committing her rape.

2. Initially FIR in question was registered u/s 363 IPC on
the basis of missing complaint of father of prosecutrix alleging
that her daughter went missing since 29.11.2012. Complainant
suspected that prosecutrix was enticed by somebody.

3. Police searched prosecutrix through electronic and print
media. On 21.12.2012, investigating team located prosecutrix
was residing with accused at SM-61, Village Razapur, Shastri
Park, Gaziabad, UP. They were recovered from there.
Statement of prosecutrix was recorded wherein she alleged that
accused enticed and took her with him. Accused established
physical relations with her. Prosecutrix was got medically
examined and her statement was also got recorded u/s 164

4. Accused was arrested and charge-sheeted. Initially,
charge for offence punishable under Section 363/366/376 IPC
was framed against accused. However, an amended charge U/s
363/366 IPC and U/s 6 POCSO Act in alternative U/s
376(2)(i)(n) IPC was framed against accused. Accused pleaded
not guilty and claimed trial.”

7. To bring home the guilt of the respondent, the prosecution examined
17 witnesses in all. The statement of the respondent was recorded
under Section 313 of Cr.P.C. wherein he claimed to be falsely

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 2 of 11
implicated in the present case. It was further stated that the victim left
her home voluntarily and insisted that he should take her along.

8. Ms. Radhika Kolluru, learned counsel for the State submits that the
impugned judgment of the Trial Court is contrary to the law and facts
on record and the same is based on surmises and conjectures. She
further submits that the learned Trial Court has lost track of the fact
that the testimony of the victim has been consistent and the law is
well-settled that an order on conviction can be passed based on the
statement made by the victim. It is strongly urged before the Court
that the learned Trial Court has overlooked that at the time of the
incident, the victim was 14 years and 07 months of age. Her age was
proved by PW-3 Mukesh, who had produced the school certificate
during his examination. It is also contended that PW-1 and PW-2,
being parents of the victim have also supported the case of the
prosecution, which has not been considered by the learned Trial Court.

9. We have heard the learned counsel for the petitioner and considered
their rival submissions.

10. The first question which arises for our consideration is with respect to
the age of the victim. It is not in dispute that PW-3 Mukesh had
produced the record from the first school the victim had attended
which was exhibited as Ex.PW-3A/D. PW-4 Chhattarpal was
examined who had produced the record from the second school which
the victim had attended. It is not in dispute that the certificate was
prepared based on an affidavit filed by the father of the victim and not
based on any birth certificate. It would be useful to refer to the
testimony of PW-1 and PW-2 with respect to the age of the victim.

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 3 of 11

11. PW1 Chander Pal in his examination-in-chief stated that he was
working as a Peon in MCD. On 20.11.2012 at about 7:00 AM his
daughter, aged around 14 years had gone to school and did not return
back. On 30.11.2012, a missing complaint was lodged to the Police
Station Shabad Dairy. His statement was recorded which was proved
as Ex.PW1/A. Thereafter, PW1 raised suspicion over the respondent
Kishan who was residing in another gali. The statement of PW1 was
again recorded on 01.12.2012. PW1 handed over the photographs of
his daughter to the police. The victim was recovered on 21.12.2012
and was medically examined. The statement of the victim was
recorded under Section 164 of Cr.P.C.PW1 deposed that his daughter
was studying in 7th standard in Government School at Shahbad Dairy.
The date of birth of the victim was mentioned as 10.04.1998 in the
school records.It was deposed by PW1 that he cannot identify the
respondent Kishan as he had never seen him before. PW1 came to
know about the respondent Kishan when he was searching his
daughter as some neighbourers informed him that the respondent
Kishan might have taken his daughter.

12. In his cross-examination, PW1 stated that his eldest son Krishan is
about 19 years of age. PW1 further stated that he had five children, his
first child Krishan was born after eight years of marriage; second child
Deepak was one year younger to Krishan; third child is the victim who
was one year younger to Deepak; fourth child Kajal was three years
younger to the victim and his fifth child Payal was four years younger
to Kajal. PW1 has categorically stated that he had “never got date of
birth child (sic) entered in MCD or any other authority.” He further

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 4 of 11
deposed that “I got my children admitted in the school. I do not
remember what proof I have given for date of birth of my children. It
is correct that I have given date of birth of my children in the school
on the basis of guess work”

13. PW-2 Rajkumari (mother of the victim) deposed in her examination-

in-chief that her eldest daughter (the victim), aged about 14 years was
studying in 7thstandard in MCD school, Shahbad Diary. She further
deposed that on 20.11.2012at about 7:00 am, the victim had gone to
the school but had not returned from the school. It was further deposed
by PW-2 that she and her husband had searched for the victim in
nearby places and inquired from relatives. On 30.11.2012, her husband
went to the police station and reported the matter. The suspicion was
raised on the respondent Kishan who was residing in another gali. The
victim was recovered on 21.12.2012 and the respondent Kishan was
also apprehended by the police. The victim was medically examined at
M.V. Hospital, Poot Khurd where PW2 was also present. The
statement of the victim was recorded under Section 164 Cr.P.C at
Rohini Court and thereafter the victim was allowed to go with her by
the order of the Court. PW2 could not identify the respondent Kishan
as she had never seen him before. PW-2 deposed that she did not
remember the date of birth of the victim.

14. In her cross-examination, PW2 stated that she had five children but
did not remember the date of birth of any of her children. PW-2
further stated that she did not have any proof of date of birth of any of
her children. She stated that all of her children were admitted to the
school by PW-1 and did not have any knowledge of the documents

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 5 of 11
submitted by him regarding the age proof at time of their admission in
school. PW-2 further stated that there was no gap year taken by the
victim during her studies.

15. On a careful analysis of the testimonies of the parents of the victim
would show that according to their assessment, the age of the victim
was 17 years on the date of the incident, as per the testimony of the
father, the victim was of 17 years and above and as per the testimony
of the mother, the age of the victim was17 years of age. The learned
Trial Court has also taken into consideration age factor of the victim.
The relevant paragraphs 10-13 of the judgment read as under:

“10. Age of the prosecutrix: Before dwelling upon the
incident of kidnapping or sexual assault, let us find out what
was the age of prosecutrix at the time of incident. Prosecution
has relied upon the school record of the prosecutrix as
Ex.PW3/A-D Ex.PW4/A to C as per which the date of birth of
prosecutrix is mentioned as 10.04.1998.

11. Date of birth of prosecutrix is disputed by the defence by
submitting that the school record of the prosecutrix cannot be
taken as true indicative of her date of birth as witness who
produced the school record during his cross-examination
admitted that at the time of admission of prosecutrix, birth
certificate furnished by her parents was not verified. It has also
been contended that a Marriage Agreement Ex.PW5/B was duly
executed by prosecutrix in which age of prosecutrix is
mentioned as 21 years and this goes to prove that the
prosecutrix had already attained majority on date of her leaving
her house.

12. Juvenile Justice(Care and Protection of Children) Act,
2015, under Section 94 has laid down certain guidelines to
arrive at a finding about the age of a juvenile. It states that the
age inquiry would conduct by the Court by Certificate of School
in respect of date of birth of juvenile, obtaining matriculation or

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 6 of 11
equivalent certificate or the next option being the birth
certificate issued by the municipal authorities or corporation or
panchayat be obtained. In absence of aforesaid documents, a
Medical Board will be constituted to determine the age of a

13. Except for Ex.PW5/B there is no other document on
record to controvert the date of birth of prosecutrix. In view of
the mandate given under Juvenile Justice(Care and Protection
of Children) Act, 2015, age of juvenile (in present case,
prosecutrix) as per her first attended School record is taken to
be true. School record Ex.PW3/A to D goes to show that date of
birth of prosecutrix is 10.04.1998 and as such on the date of
incident (29.11.2012) prosecutrix was about 14 years 7 months
old. Thus, it has to concluded that prosecutrix did not attain
majority on the date she left her house.”

16. Having regard to the testimony of PW1 and PW2 being the father and
mother of the victim, and the fact that the documents produced by
PW3 and PW4 were not based on a birth certificate we find no
infirmity with the finding of the Trial Court with regard to the age of
the victim.

17. The statement of the victim was recorded under Section 164of Cr.P.C.

In her statement in Court, she deposed on similar lines. The relevant
portion reads as under:

“On 20.11.2012, I went to my School… about 07.00 am and the
accused Kishan (present in the court today correctly identified by
the witness) was standing outside the school. Accused stated to
me, “let us go for roaming (Chal Ghumne Chalte Hain)”. I
initially refused to go with him as I have to attend the school, but,
accused insisted that I will drop you till the school time is over.
Thereafter, I went alongwith the accused, went to the bus stand of
Sector-26, Rohini and caught a bus. From there we went to the
metro station and then to railway station and from there we went
to Etah, U.P. and we took shelter in the night at Etah Railway

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 7 of 11
Station, as it was quite late. On the next morning, we went to
Kashganj in a Temple, where accused formally put Sindoor on my
parting of head and did marry with me. From there we went to the
Court and marriage papers were prepared by the accused. I put
my thump marks on the said papers. We stayed one day at the
house of sister of accused Kishan. On the next day, we went to
Shastri Nagar, Delhi by bus and we stayed there in the house of
distant relative of accused i.e. sister of accused. We stayed there
for about two days and accused has made physical relationship
with me. I made a call to my brother namely Ajeet from the house
of sister of accused i.e. from Shastri Nagar, Delhi. After half an
hour later police personnel came at the house at Shastri Nagar
and apprehended me and accused Kishan and took us to the PS-
Shahabad Dairy. Police got me medically examined. My
statement was also got recorded at Rohini Court before a

…. The Marriage Agreement which was prepared at
Kashganj Court, in which photographs of mine and that of
accused were also affixed is Ex.SPW5/B and I had put my thumb
impression at point A and accused had put his thumb mark at
point B. ….”

18. At this stage it would be useful to refer to the observations made by
the Supreme Court of India in the case of Rai Sandeep v. State (NCT
of Delhi),reported at (2012) 8 SCC 21 wherein order of conviction
passed by the Trial Court and its confirmation by the High Court was
reversed finding contradictions in the testimony of the victim and that
the same was inconsistent with the remaining evidence of the
prosecution. While doing so, the Supreme Court examined as to when
a witness can be called to be a “sterling witness” as under:

“22. In our considered opinion, the “sterling witness” should
be of a very high quality and calibre whose version should,
therefore, be unassailable. The court considering the version of
such witness should be in a position to accept it for its face
value without any hesitation. To test the quality of such a

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 8 of 11
witness, the status of the witness would be immaterial and what
would be relevant is the truthfulness of the statement made by
such a witness. What would be more relevant would be the
consistency of the statement right from the starting point till the
end, namely, at the time when the witness makes the initial
statement and ultimately before the court. It should be natural
and consistent with the case of the prosecution qua the accused.
There should not be any prevarication in the version of such a
witness. The witness should be in a position to withstand the
cross-examination of any length and howsoever strenuous it
may be and under no circumstance should give room for any
doubt as to the factum of the occurrence, the persons involved,
as well as the sequence of it. Such a version should have co-
relation with each and every one of other supporting material
such as the recoveries made, the weapons used, the manner of
offence committed, the scientific evidence and the expert
opinion. The said version should consistently match with the
version of every other witness. It can even be stated that it
should be akin to the test applied in the case of circumstantial
evidence where there should not be any missing link in the chain
of circumstances to hold the accused guilty of the offence
alleged against him. Only if the version of such a witness
qualifies the above test as well as all other such similar tests to
be applied, can it be held that such a witness can be called as a
“sterling witness” whose version can be accepted by the court
without any corroboration and based on which the guilty can be
punished. To be more precise, the version of the said witness on
the core spectrum of the crime should remain intact while all
other attendant materials, namely, oral, documentary and
material objects should match the said version in material
particulars in order to enable the court trying the offence to rely
on the core version to sieve the other supporting materials for
holding the offender guilty of the charge alleged.”

(Emphasis Supplied)

19. Upon reading of the testimony of the victim, it would show that she
has stayed with the respondent for about a month and during this

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 9 of 11
period she had made no effort to either contact her parents or to protest
in any manner whatsoever. During her cross-examination, she
admitted that she knew the respondent very well and she had
accompanied him from Delhi with her consent. The victim as well as
the respondent had taken a bus from Rohini and went to the Metro
Station, then to Railway Station from where they went to Etah and
took shelter at Etah Railway Station. During cross-examination, she
admitted that there were many people around her, but she did not
make any effort to draw their attention. The victim has also not
disputed that they had gone to a temple in Kashganj where the
respondent had formally put sindoor on the parting of her head and
married her. Thereafter, they even went to the Court when marriage
papers were prepared, when she had put her thumb marks and did not
protest at any point of time. The respondent had even taken her to the
house of his sister.

20. A complete reading of the evidence on record would show that the
victim knew the respondent very well. She had accompanied him
voluntarily, had travelled with him by bus, Metro to the railway station
and then boarded a train from Delhi to Etah. During the entire period,
the victim did not protest. There is no evidence on record that she was
under fear and that the respondent had threatened her. The evidence
shows that there was ample opportunity for the victim to shout for
help or escape from the clutches of the respondent. There is no quarrel
to the proposition that an order on conviction can be passed based on
the sole statement made by the victim, provided the testimony of the
victim is of sterling quality and it is reliable. After examining the

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 10 of 11
testimony of the victim, it is clearly established that she left her house
out of her own will, she did knew the respondent very well, she
travelled together with the respondent, she got married to him first in a
Mandir and then court marriage was performed. She put her thumb
impression on the marriage document and admitted her age to be 20

21. Even otherwise, it is settled law that the Appellate Court may only
interfere in an appeal against acquittal when there are substantial and
compelling reasons to do so [See Sheo Swarupv.King-Emperor,AIR
1934 PC 227 (2); M.G. Agarwalv.State of Maharashtra, AIR 1963
SC 200 (paragraph 16 and 17); Tota Singh and Anr. v. State of
Punjab,AIR 1987 SC 108: (1987) 2 SCC 529 (paragraph 6); State of
Rajasthan v. Raja Ram, (2003) 8 SCC 180 (paragraph 7);
Chandrappav.State of Karnataka, (2007) 4 SCC 415 (paragraph 42);
Ghurey Lal v. State of U.P., (2008) 10 SCC 450 (paragraph 73); and
Muralidhar @ Giddav.State of Karnataka, (2014) 5 SCC 730
(paragraph 12)].

22. Accordingly, we find no illegality or infirmity in the judgment of the
Trial Court warranting interference. The present leave petition is
dismissed, the leave to appeal is dismissed.



SEPTEMBER26, 2017 //pst

Crl. L.P.558/2017 Page 11 of 11

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