Income Tax Act, 1961
Section 193. INTEREST ON SECURITIES.
The person responsible for paying any income by way of interest on securities shall, at the time of credit of such income to the account of the payee or at the time of payment thereof in cash or by issue of a cheque or draft or by any other mode, whichever is earlier, deduct income-tax at the rates in force on the amount of the interest payable :
Provided that no tax shall be deducted from – (i) Any interest payable on 4-1/4 per cent National Defence Bonds, 1972, where the bonds are held by an individual, not being a non-resident; or
(ia) Any interest payable to an individual on 4-1/4 per cent National Defence Loan, 1968 or 4-3/4 per cent. National Defence Loan, 1972; or
(ib) any interest payable on National Development Bonds; or
(iia) Any interest payable on 7-Year National Savings Certificates (IV Issue); or
(iib) Any interest payable on such debentures, issued by any institution or authority, or any public sector company, or any co-operative society (including a co-operative land mortgage bank or a co-operative land development bank), as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;
(iii) Any interest payable on 6-1/2 per cent Gold Bonds, 1977 or 7 per cent Gold Bonds, 1980, where the bonds are held by an individual not being a non-resident, and the holder thereof makes a declaration in writing before the person responsible for paying the interest that the total nominal value of the 6-1/2 per cent Gold Bonds, 1977, or, as the case may be, the 7 per cent Gold Bonds, 1980 held by him (including such bonds, if any, held on his behalf by any other person) did not in either case exceed ten thousand rupees at any time during the period to which the interest relates;
(iv) Any interest payable on any security of the Central Government or a State Government.
(v) Any interest payable to an individual, who is resident in India, on debentures issued by a company in which the public are substantially interested, being debentures listed on a recognised stock exchange in India in accordance with the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 (42 of 1956), and any rules made thereunder, if –
(a) The interest is paid by the company by an account payee cheque; and
(b) The amount of such interest or, as the case may be, the aggregate of the amounts of such interest paid or likely to be paid during the financial year by the company to such individual does not exceed two thousand and five hundred rupees.
Explanation: For the purposes of this section, where any income by way of interest on securities is credited to any account, whether called “Interest payable account” or “Suspense account” or by any other name, in the books of account of the person liable to pay such income, such crediting shall be deemed to be credit of such income to the account of the payee and the provisions of this section shall apply accordingly.
INCOME-TAX OFFICER v. J. CHITRA & ANR. (R. RENUKASESAN, ITO v. CHINNI MOHAN RAO)