The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act,1958
23. Compulsory purchase of antiquities, etc., discovered during excavation operations
(1) Where, as a result of any excavations made in any area under section 21 and section 22, any antiquities are discovered, the archaeological officer or the licensee, as the case may be, shall
(a) as soon as practicable, examine such antiquities and submit a report to the Central Government in suchmanner and containing such particulars as may be prescribed;
(b) at the conclusion of the excavation operations, give notice in writing to the owner of the land from whichsuch antiquities have been discovered, of the nature of such antiquities.
(2) Until an order for the 1[compulsory acquisition] of any such antiquities is made under sub-section (3), thearchaeological officer or the licensee, as the case may be, shall keep them in such safe custody as he may deem fit.
(3) On receipt of a report under sub-section (1), the Central Government may make an order for the 2[compulsory acquisition of any such antiquities].
(4) When an order for the 2[compulsory acquisition] of any antiquities is made under sub-section (3), such antiquities shall rest in the Central Government with effect from the date of the order.
1. Substituted for the words [compulsory purchase] by the Antiquities and Art Treasures Act (52 of 1972), vide Section 33(iii) (a), w.e.f. 5.04.1976.
2. Substituted for the words “compulsory purchase of any such antiquities at their market value” by the Antiquities and Art Treasures Act (52 of 1972), vide Section 33(iii) (b), w.e.f. 5.04.1976.