Civil Procedure Code 1908
96. Appeal from original decree.
(1) Save where otherwise expressly provided in the body of this Code or by any other law for the time being in force, an appeal shall lie from every decree passed by any Court exercising original jurisdiction the Court authorized to hear appeals from the decisions of such Court.
(2) An appeal may lie from an original decree passed ex pane.
(3) No appeal shall lie from a decree passed by the Court with the consent of parties.
1[(4) No appeal shall lie, except on a question of law, from a decree in any suit of the nature cognisable by Courts of Small Cause, when the amount or value of the subject-matter of the original suit does not exceed 2[ten thousand rupees].]
(i) When an ex parte decree is passed the defendant has two clear options. One to file an appeal and another to file an application under O. 9, R. 13 to set aside the order. Once application under O. 9, R. 13 is dismissed, he cannot by filing first appeal dispute the correctness of order posting suit for ex parte hearing or show cause for his non-appearance; Bhanu Kumar Jain v. Archana Kumar, AIR 2005 SC 626.
(ii) The subsequent events in first and second appeals cannot be taken indiscriminately into account. It may be permitted to be taken into account by appellate court by means of amendment of pleadings, in order to avoid multiplicity of proceedings but not where such amendment could cause prejudice to vested right of plaintiff and render him remedied; Shyam Sunder v. Ram Kumar, (2001) 8 SCC 24.
(iii) New plea relating to question of fact cannot be allowed to be raised for the first time before the Ist appellate court; K. Shivalingaiah v. B.V. Chandra Shekara Gowda, AIR 1993 Kant 29: 1992 (2) Kant LJ 536: ILR (Kar) (1992) 1996.
1. Ins. by Act No. 104 of 1976, sec. 33 (w.e.f. 1-2-1977).
2. Subs. by Act No. 46 of 1999, section 9 for “three thousand rupees” (w.e.f. 1-7-2002).