Income Tax Act, 1961
Section 199. CREDIT FOR TAX DEDUCTED.
Any deduction made in accordance with the provisions of sections 192 to 194, section 194A, section 194B, section 194BB, section 194C, section 194D section 194E, section 194EE, section 194F, section 194G, section 194H, section 194-I, section 194J and section 194K, 194L section 195, section 196A, section 196B, section 196C and section 196D and paid to the Central Government, shall be treated as a payment of tax on behalf of the person from whose income the deduction was made, or of the owner of the security, or depositor or owner of property or of unit-holder or the shareholder, as the case may be, and credit shall be given to him for the amount so deducted on the production of the certificate furnished under section 203 in the assessment, made under this Act for the assessment year for which such income is assessable:
Provided that – (i) In a case where such person or [Owner or depositor or unit-holder] or shareholder is a person, whose income is included under the provisions of section 60, section 61, section 64, section 93 or section 94 in the total income of another person, the payment shall be deemed to have been made on behalf of, and the credit shall be given to, such other person;
(ii) In any other case, where the dividend on any share is assessable as the income of a person other than the shareholder, the payment shall be deemed to have been made on behalf of, and the credit shall be given to, such other person in such circumstances as may be prescribed:
Provided further that where any property, deposit, security, unit or share is owned jointly by two or more persons not constituting a partnership, the payment shall be deemed to have been made on behalf of, and credit shall be given to, each such person in the same proportion in which rent, interest on deposit or on security or income in respect of unit or dividend on share is assessable as his income.
COMMISSIONER OF INCOME-TAX v. BAKELITE HYLAM LTD.